Bridge of Esmoriz – Baião

Built over the river Ovil and framed in a landscape marked by a strong rurality, the Bridge of Esmoriz would have been, once, an important route of communication, fact that would justify the investment made.

One possibility is that the Bridge would be the main route of communication between the Monastery of Ancede and the city of Porto: it made the connection between the Monastery and the place of Pala, on the right bank of the Douro, one of the busiest places for the mooring of boats.

In other words, through the Douro, the monks would not have to cover leagues of hills, winding and unsafe roads to get to Porto, using, for this purpose, the fastest means of transport and the shortest path which was the river. Despite considered as Romanesque, the Bridge of Esmoriz would have been built in Modern times, but reproducing the construction models of Romanesque bridges.

History

1258 – Reference to Lourenço Ermiges of Esmoriz who is a witness in the “Inquirições” [administrative enquiries] involving the “couto” [place with privileges] of Ancede;

Around 1400 – At the “Tombo” of the Monastery of Ancede there is no reference to the Bridge of Esmoriz;

1666 – There is reference to the stone Bridge over the river Ovil on the way of Minhoso and the Monastery;

1758 – Three stone bridges are located in Ancede, among them the one in Esmoriz;

2010 – Integration of the Bridge of Esmoriz in the Route of the Romanesque.

Architecture and Furniture

Trestled Bridge, of great simplicity, with a single round arch and irregular voussoirs. Platform with guards and granite flooring. The pavement which constitutes the flooring of the Bridge extends to the access on the left margin, through a walled path.

Regular guided visits

By appointment.

Opening times

Free.

Building

Bridge of Esmoriz
Caminho da Ponte de Esmoriz, Ancede
Baião
Portugal