Council of Europe

Founding Fathers:

  • Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of United Kingdom)
  • Konrad Adenauer (Chancellor and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany)
  • Robert Schumann (French Republic Minister for Foreign Affairs)
  • Paul-Henri Spaak (Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Belgium in the 40s and 50s)
  • Alcide de Gasperi (Prime Minister of the Republic of Italy)
  • Ernest Bevin (United Kingdom Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs)

These builders of Europe were the people who launched the process of European construction by founding the Council of Europe in 1949 and setting up the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1950 and the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957.

These men of dialogue, who had lived through two world wars and had first-hand experience of a number of European cultures, were the pioneers of a Europe of peace founded on the values of human rights, democracy and the rule of law.