Catalonia was outside the sphere of influence of Motzarab art. Rather, it had close ties with France and Italy. From the 11th century onwards, architecture developed here that ties in with Lombard traditions. It stayed in remote Pyrenean valleys until the 13th century.
Northwestern Spain Cistercian influences and in the larger townspeople of western France influenced Romanesque.
At the same time, there was a real building fever on the pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Campostela and the construction of numerous church buildings, in which the French influence prevailed. The Cathedral of Santiago de Campostela is the undisputed masterpiece of this style.